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21May/110

LNMP Server on CentOS

Step 1. install yum repo

  • //32 bit
    rpm -ivh http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
    rpm -ivh http://dl.iuscommunity.org/pub/ius/stable/Redhat/5/i386/ius-release-1.0-6.ius.el5.noarch.rpm
  • //64 bit
    rpm -ivh http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
    rpm -ivh http://dl.iuscommunity.org/pub/ius/stable/Redhat/5/x86_64/ius-release-1.0-6.ius.el5.noarch.rpm

Step 2. install MySQL

  • //Visit http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.5.html?current_os=7#downloads
    //You need to download 4 packages, they are:
    MySQL-client MySQL-server MySQL-shared-compat MySQL-shared
    //After you download them run:
    rpm -ivh *.rpm
  • //change MySQL root password´╝Ü
    service mysql start
    mysqladmin -u root password 'yourpasswd'
    service mysql stop

Step 3. Add www account

  • groupadd www
    useradd -g www -d /home/www www
    // We add www as user of nginx and php-fpm

Step 4. install php

  • yum install php53u-cli php53u-common php53u php53u-devel php53u-mysql php53u-xmlrpc php53u-xml php53u-gd php53u-pdo php53u-tidy php53u-mcrypt php53u-mbstring php53u-pear php53u-pecl php53u-pecl-memcache php53u-pecl-apc php53u-fpm
    //The current PHP version is 5.3.5-3, IUS' package's name is php53u
    //You can run command blew to find out lastest version
    yum list | grep -w \.ius\.

Step 5. configure php-fpm

  • //setup php-fpm
    vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
    //Find Unix user/group of processes
    //change user & group to www

Step 6. Install Nginx

  • //visit http://nginx.org/en/download.html to get lastest Nginx
    //for example, we use http://nginx.org/download/nginx-0.9.5.tar.gz

    yum install pcre pcre-devel # these are depend by nginx
    cd /tmp
    wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-0.9.5.tar.gz
    tar -zxvf nginx-*.tar.gz
    cd nginx-*
    ./configure --user=www --group=www --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module
    make
    make install

    //register nginx as a service
    vim /etc/init.d/nginx
    //paste the script blew then run: chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx

    #!/bin/sh
    #
    # nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemin
    #
    # chkconfig: - 85 15
    # description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
    # proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
    # processname: nginx
    # config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
    # pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
    # Source networking configuration.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
    # Check that networking is up.
    [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
    nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
    prog=$(basename $nginx)
    NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
    [ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
    lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
    start() {
    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
    }
    stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
    }
    restart() {
    configtest || return $?
    stop
    start
    }
    reload() {
    configtest || return $?
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
    }
    force_reload() {
    restart
    }
    configtest() {
    $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    }
    rh_status() {
    status $prog
    }
    rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
    }
    case "$1" in
    start)
    rh_status_q && exit 0
    $1
    ;;
    stop)
    rh_status_q || exit 0
    $1
    ;;
    restart|configtest)
    $1
    ;;
    reload)
    rh_status_q || exit 7
    $1
    ;;
    force-reload)
    force_reload
    ;;
    status)
    rh_status
    ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
    rh_status_q || exit 0
    ;;
    *)
    echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
    exit 2
    esac

Step 7. Start at boot
chkconfig mysql on
chkconfig php-fpm on
chkconfig nginx on

Step 8. Start services
service mysql start
service php-fpm start
service nginx start

Finish

By the way, there is an easy solution which help you do the same, try LNMP Installer for RHEL & CentOS

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